Next: Step 2: Adding wires

Step 1: Adding gates

Recall that we're trying to build the following circuit in Logisim.

I suggest building a circuit by inserting the gates first as a sort of skeleton and then connecting them with wires later. The first thing we'll do is to add the two AND gates. Click on the AND tool in the toolbar (, the next-to-last tool listed). Then click in the editing area where you want the first AND gate to go. Be sure to leave plenty of room for stuff on the left. Then click the AND tool again and place the second AND gate below it.

Notice the five dots on the left side of the AND gate. These are spots where wires can be attached. It happens that we'll just use two of them for our XOR circuit; but for other circuits, you may find that having more than two wires going to an AND gate is useful.

Now add the other gates. First click on the OR tool (); then click where you want it. And place the two NOT gates into the canvas using the NOT tool ().

I left a little space between the NOT gates and the AND gates; if you want to, though, you can put them up against each other and save yourself the effort of connecting them with a wire later.

Now we want to add the two inputs x and y into the diagram. Select the Input tool (), and place the pins down. You should also place an output pin next to the OR gate's output using the Output tool (). (Again, I'm leaving a bit of space between the OR gate and the output pin, but you might choose to place them right next to each other.)

If you decide you don't like where you placed something, then you can select it using the Edit tool () and drag it to the desired spot. Or you can delete it altogether by selecting Delete from the Edit menu or pressing the Delete key.

As you place each component of the circuit, you'll notice that as soon as the component is placed, Logisim reverts to the Edit tool so that you can move the recently-placed component or (as we'll see soon) connect the component to others by creating wires. If you want to add a copy of the recently placed component, a shortcut is to press Control-D to duplicate the selection. (Some computers use another keys for menus, such as the Command key on Macintoshes. You would press that key with the D key.)

Next: Step 2: Adding wires