#
*Shifter*

Library: |
Arithmetic |

Introduced: |
2.3.0 |

Appearance: |

## Behavior

This component includes two inputs, `data` and `dist`, and
it has one output, which is the result of shifting `data` by
`dist` places. Both `data` and output have the same number of
bits in them. The component supports the following shift types:

- Logical Left: All bits in
`data`are shifted up`dist`places, with the bottom`dist`places filled with 0's. For example, 11001011 logically shifted left twice is 00101100. (The top two ones are lost.) - Logical Right: All bits in
`data`are shifted down`dist`places, with the upper`dist`places filled with 0's. For example, 11001011 logically shifted right twice is 00110010. (The bottom two ones are lost.) - Arithmetic Right: All bits in
`data`are shifted down`dist`places, with the upper`dist`places filled with repetitions of whatever the uppermost bit in`data`. For example, 11001011 arithmetically shifted right twice is 11110010. - Rotate Left: All bits in
`data`are shifted up`dist`places, with the top`dist`places wrapped around into the bottom. For example, 11001011 rotated left twice is 00101111. - Rotate Right: All bits in
`data`are shifted down`dist`places, with the bottom`dist`places wrapped around into the top. For example, 11001011 rotated right twice is 11110010.

Note that if `dist` contains any floating or error inputs, then
the output is composed entirely of error values, since there is no way to
guess how far to shift the input.

## Pins

- West edge, north end (input, bit width matches the Data Bits attribute)
- The value to be shifted.
- West edge, south end (input, bit width is computed as below)
- The number of bits by which to shift the
`data`input. This input should have as many bits as is the minimum number to indicate any shift distance from 0 up to one less than Data Bits; that is, it should be the ceiling of the base-2 logarithm of Data Bits. For example, if Data Bits were 8, this input would require 3 bits; but if it were 9, it would require 4 bits. - East edge (output, bit width matches the Data Bits attribute)
- The result of shifting the input value by the input distance.

## Attributes

When the component is selected or being added,
Alt-0 through Alt-9 alter its Data Bits

attribute.

- Data Bits
- The bit width of the
`data`input and of the output. - Shift Type
- One of the five possible shift types as outlined above (Logical Left, Logical Right, Arithmetic Right, Rotate Left, Rotate Right).

## Poke Tool Behavior

None.

## Text Tool Behavior

None.